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Retinal diseases

Diseases of the retina and vitreous body are among those eye disorders which are now much more effectively treated than before. Not so long ago, vitreoretinal surgery was a rarity, usually carried out in situations where all other treatments had been tried. These were often “last chance” operations when the eyesight was very dull and the retina in a very bad state.

As well as typical surgical procedures, many medicines have also been injected into the eyeball for many years, mostly anti-angiogenic preparations (i.e. those which inhibit the formation of improper blood vessels, particularly in the exudative form of age-related macular degeneration.

Modern diagnostic and surgical apparatus, as well as excellent surgical techniques, now allow many diseases to be treated in their early stages, and the latest therapeutic methods enable help to be given in cases which were previously considered doomed to failure. The anatomical (possibility to restore the eye’s proper appearance) and functional results (recovery or improvement of eyesight) are currently highly satisfactory in the assessment of both doctors and patients.


The treatment of retinal and vitreous diseases as practised in our clinic involves the following methods:

  • Vitreoretinal operations used for detached retinas, diabetic retinopathy, complications from injuries and on other diseases
  • Eyeball cerclage (seals and rings installed from outside the eye in retinal detachments)
  • Injections of anti-angiogenic drugs (for age-related macular degeneration), steroids (for macular swelling from various causes and chronic inflammation) – this treatment is usually repeated and requires the systematic care of a specialist
  • Laser surgery in peripheral degenerations of the retina, as well as for the complications of many retinovascular diseases, which can be carried out once or repeated depending on the specialist’s advice
  • Conservative / pharmacological treatment in numerous conditions with various bases